Canonization is a very solemn ceremony and is conducted in Rome by the Pope himself. The person who was “Blessed” is now given the title of “Saint” and is officially recognized as such throughout the world. Before this can take place another miracle is required through person’s intercession.
Because of the need for miracles the whole process towards sainthood can take many years and even many decades. For both Mother Teresa and Pope John Paul II the miracles came quickly, resulting in a very fast journey towards sainthood. Mother Teresa died in 1997, was beatified in 2003 and canonized in 2016. The cause of Pope John Paul II moved even faster. He died in 2005, was beatified in 2011 and canonized in 2014 – a mere nine years after his death.